Critically evaluate the importance of early identification and intervention in developmental profiles of language and learning.

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    The term is defined as the assessment of disability of a child and interference by parents to identify the problem and solve them. It is tracking the issue of the child in terms of communication and understanding and improving the same. Early identification and intervention in the development profiles of language and learning is an important subject that affects the growth and progress of students. Environmental competition is rapidly changing, and progress in development plays an integral role in shaping educational careers and cognitive skills. Every child is born with distinct capabilities and weaknesses that need to be embraced through special care and support. Early development helps in faster learning and assessment of support required for growth. The need for special care and support is identified so that the risk of academic difficulties is mitigated. The current essay will focus on a critical analyse this topic and identify the pros and cons of early development. It will analyse the significance of intervention in the development of profiles of learning and language for the future. Some theories will be discussed to support the response and ensure that clear data is communicated.

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    Main Body

    Singh and Anekar (2018) state that early identification and intervention are defined as the method of motivating children from a young age to develop their language and learning skills so that career success can be achieved. The essay will discuss the importance of identification and intervention using published articles and news related to the topic. Some case studies will be analysed to support and justify the statement. Research on these articles, journals and cases suggests that early identification and intervention helps in the cognitive development of children and helps them to avoid academic failure. Research suggests that every child has unique features and attributes; some are good at learning a language, while others face difficulty. Learning and language are important attributes that result in the overall growth and success of a child. It helps them to communicate and share thoughts, ideas and beliefs. Early intervention and identification assist in developing the skills by analysing the areas of the problem. It supports the training of a child at an early stage so that failures are not suffered. Early identification of problems helps in locating learning difficulties and taking the right steps to eradication.

    In the opinion of Zwaigenbaum et al., (2013), the early stage of development is one of the critical phases and changes are made easily during these years. The elements, such as disability, are easily identified and can be mitigated at this stage. Treating language and communication difficulties at an early stage helps in improving future communication abilities and responses. It is important for parents to work with specialists and facilitate the development of the child. The theory of Vygotsky suggests that the cognitive development of a child and their growth can be enhanced through early-age social interactions. It has been stated that learning is a social process which allows a child to better understand others and present their own ideas.

    He proposed that the learning becomes maximum when the gap between current and potential development is bridged through early identification and intervention. It helps educators to asses the learning gap and take immediate actions to reach new targets. Contradictory to the above, Pimperton and Kennedy (2012) proposed the drawbacks of the theory and stated that the theory has also been opposed, stating that the identification of a gap is not an easy task and is based on a series of steps. It is a time-consuming process and does not involve genetics or biology in the development of the child. Emotional development is not given any importance in this theory, resulting in reduced impact.

    The researcher Panhwar et al. (2016) came up with the importance of early identification and intervention and stated that this helps promote a good schooling career. Communication development in early childhood helps in having a good command and control over language so that new ideas can be created, writing is improved, and reading ability is enhanced. Language and learning also help in improving relationships by focusing on better interaction with mates. Lack of intervention and improvement results in difficulty in developing love and friendship, solving problems and learning new things. Early intervention and development by families help to bring a positive change in the behaviour of the child. It motivates them to exhibit good traits, provide effective responses and lead to development. It is important for educators and parents to identify the language and learning problems of children and take steps that help in early-stage improvement. The ability to speak and present ideas is a source of motivation, and lack of this can result in a lack of encouragement among children.

    In the views of Lantolf et al., (2014), the socioecological model is a positive progress in this field and states various factors that create an impact on the development of a child. The model reflects that the health of an individual is affected by the interaction between society, political and physical environment. Lack of learning and language ability affects child development as they are not able to interact effectively with the external environment. Early-stage intervention allows for assessing the developmental needs and ensuring that the best strategies are designed and a change is made in the immediate surroundings for improvements. This is a collaborative model of various factors that must be considered for the development of the child. The initial stage intervention by family, friends, and mentors helps create a fun-loving learning environment. Children find a lot of opportunities to grow and succeed without facing any embarrassment. A child concentrates more when they feel that they are expected to do something and can do it with little effort.

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    Contradictorily, the authors McGinnis and Ostrom (2014) commented that there are profound negative consequences of delayed learning intervention. A lack of timely identification of support needs for a child can result in reduced self-esteem, low ranking in class, lack of participation and reduced social circle. There are multiple challenges, and one among them is a lack of educational attainment affecting long-term career growth. The future opportunities are minimised, and the growth process is reduced. Early identification and intervention bring out the best talent of an individual and help them nurture themselves towards a bright future.

    Jorm (2012) opined that there are various models of intervention that can be successful in achieving the desired goal. The basic is the home-based intervention that refers to a systematically planned way of improving the development of children by recognising the loopholes. A change is brought in the home environment and the surroundings to support improved methods. An environment is developed that fosters the development of cognitive skills, social and emotional balance, language ability and learning skills. This is done with the continuous support of the parents and the family members. There are facilities for centre-based intervention where experts are available to guide the child with personalized services. This is a system where the parents take the child to a centre that has professionals who have the ability to analyse the problem and provide necessary training. The experts conduct a meeting to discuss the case of the child and guide them with the most effective strategies.

    Stainman and Kossoff (2020) state that the development of the child at an early stage through various methods helps benefit children with speech and language problems. The basic advantage is improved communication ability. Early intervention helps develop appropriate communication abilities and improves the way of representing ideas, thoughts, and expressions. Children are able to portray their social and emotional thoughts in an effective manner. It is important for parents to recognise red flags at an early stage, which includes limited babbling and age-based vocalisation development. The red signs that show the need for development also include difficulty in following instructions and no use of words till 12 months of age. Further pronunciation difficulty and complexity in word combination also show the need for intervention. These problems must be allocated, and improvements need to be made with proper help and support.

    The author also pointed out the benefits of assessing these red flags and making improvement strategies. The basic benefit is the enhancement of the child’s communication skills, which are the most important skills during education, growth, and career development. The ability to speak appropriately for their age helps them express their desires, thoughts, and opinions in a wise manner. Further, academic success is observed with these interventions where the child is able to develop a strong career foundation with a better understanding of each area of study and what needs to be equipped for an improved lifestyle. Social and emotional growth is also observed with this intervention. Communication helps in building strong relations and connections in society, thereby fostering development. It has also been stated that this helps in mitigating frustration and behaviour issues of the child as a high focus is laid on improving their inability. Early intervention helps in addressing challenges and issues so that they do not get frustrated, as nobody is able to understand them (Sciaraffa et al., 2018).

    The theory of Piaget’s cognitive development is another progress that focuses on the need for the cognitive development of the child. It understands the way a child interacts with the surroundings and responds to situations. The observation helps identify the problems faced by the child and develop necessary strategies to improve those. It considers the transformation needs of the child and focuses on intellectual development (Babakr et al., 2019). As per the theorists, there are various stages of child brain development, starting from the sensorimotor stage, which is between birth to two years of age. This is followed by the preoperational stage, where monitoring the development of the child, their actions and attributes are significantly important. At this stage, a child implements logic and is able to manipulate information which must be observed. The next is the concrete operational stage, between 7-11 years, and it is difficult to manipulate a child at this stage. The last is the formal operational stage, which starts at 12 years and ends late. This is the stage where no transformation can be brought into a child’s learning and language development.

    Barrouillet (2015) pointed out the role of caregivers, parents and centre experts as prime in the stage of the sensorimotor and preoperational stage that allows achievement of success. Longitudinal studies show that children who receive the needed training at an early stage are better performers than those who don’t. They understand their potential and work hard to reach the desired goal. Early intervention is not only helpful in treating the current problem but stops any future issue from arising with high care and concern. Advancements in science and research have led to numerous solutions and insights to develop the brain abilities of a child. The various theories justify that early intervention is better than waiting for later. A lack of early age analysis can cause an inability to correct the problem and hamper success.

    The author Baldwin (2014) believes that parenting is extremely difficult but is also important in analysing wrong symptoms and the need for child treatment. Research suggests that when a child is assisted in the process of development, they are able to manage their problems well and achieve overall well-being. Addressing mental health problems can reduce stigmas and motivate children to improve their learning. The early-stage intervention and identification support create a positive impact on the child and boosts their confidence in the overall journey of life. There are various challenges faced by parents in the process of providing good care and intervention. One of the major challenges is the inability of parents to recognise the problem and indulge in constant delays. There is a lack of awareness about the need for early-stage identification and intervention. This needs to be embraced with parent training and education during the initial days of birth.

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    One another recognised problem is the lack of availability of expert services that can provide solutions to learning and language development. Most of the countries do not have proper services and medical facilities for the problem. This results in a lack of awareness and development among children at an early stage. In the future, when the parents identify the problem, it will be too late to make changes. Lack of financial resources is another concern among most families that results in an inability to get access to support services. Despite the various challenges, it is integral for parents to recognise issues at an early stage and intervene with the use of necessary resources, expertise and awareness (De Villiers and De Villiers, 2014).

    Contradictorily, the author Topping et al., (2013) states his opinion and suggests that these developmental activities require more of intelligence and attention than financial resources. Continuous monitoring and observation are crucial to identify the problem and support at home; changes in surroundings and parental methods can bring the needed development. In young children, difficulties in language and communication development are frequently the earliest indications of developmental issues. It is urged that families must seek care as soon as possible when they notice issues with language and communication development. The likelihood of progress is higher when developmental delays are diagnosed and treated early instead of “waiting it out” and addressing issues later.

    Many theorists and models have justified that what can be changed at an early stage cannot happen when the child has grown to be a young adult. The human brain goes through various stages of development that start from childhood and continue till adulthood. It is important to bring transformation at the right stage instead of waiting for the right time. This helps in moulding the behaviour of the child as required in an easy and effective manner. Early intervention for language and communication disorders helps avert future issues with behaviour, education, reading comprehension, and social interaction. When it comes to educating young children, a recent study on brain development serves as a reminder that “earlier is better.” It gets harder to make big changes in how a child develops and grows by the time they are three years old since the majority of the key brain structures have fully developed (Singh and Anekar, 2018).

    It must be the goal of parents to analyse problems and include intervention programs to support the development of the child. This helps in the long-term success and growth of the child. The social learning theory by Bandura justifies the aim of the essay as this theory was developed after an assessment of child behaviour and psychology. The psychologists developed this theory and state that children imitate each other and try to copy them. It is thus important to change the surroundings when a child is not developing himself. A social group of children having good abilities helps in improving learning and language at an early stage. They do not copy each other after reaching a certain age of maturity, making it important for parents to take steps at the initial stages when the brain is empty and learning from others (Nabavi, 2012).


    Early detection of language and speech disorders in children is essential for their general development and welfare. This statement has been proved with the application of various theories in the essay. The theorists suggests that by identifying the warning signals, getting a professional assessment, and putting early intervention techniques into practice, the kids can be presented with the best chance to overcome obstacles and develop effective communication skills. It has been identified through theories that taking action at a young age may have a lasting positive impact, allowing kids to realize their full potential and succeed in both their personal and academic lives. Raising awareness and empowering communities and families to promote early detection and intervention for children’s speech and language impairments is crucial. The above essay has discussed this through various theories and models, justifying the need and importance.